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Internet Standards

Internet Standards
Internet Standards dictate the operation of the Internet. These are the documents that organizations work hard together to promote a healthy growth of the Internet

Request for Comments (RFC) are technical and organizational notes about the Internet. Its has the history back the late 1960's. It's under the control of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)

The first RFC submitted was Host Software, by Steve Crocker of UCLA on April 7, 1969. Since then, there have been more than 7000 RFCs subbmited by different organizations over the years. The Internet has got so big and complicated, so the number of RFCs will only grow exponentially to address the needs of interoperability of different vendors/ technologies.

The RFCs are divided into categories:

  • Internet Standard RFCs - These are the standards of the Internet. They include IP, TCP, UDP, FTP, ARP, etc...
  • Internet Draft Standard RFCs - These are the draft versions of soon-to-be standards.
  • Proposed RFCs - The are the RFCs that are considered for standards. They have been tweaked and free of design issues and ready for the process to become standards. After this phase, it will become draft.
  • Best Current Practice RFCs - These are guidelines, methods, processes and recommendations. They don't have to be followed.
  • Experimental RFCs - These are results/specifications of some research project. They are published for the community general information and for archival of the work. They are not to become standards.
  • Informational RFCs - These are published for the information of the Internet community. They are not to become standards.
  • FYI RFCs - Just for FYI. They are not to become standards.
  • Historic RFCs - These are are either obsoleted by other RFCs or no longer practical or in use.

Additional Resources:

rfc20 RFC0020 (STD0080) ASCII format for network interchange
rfc768 RFC0768 (STD0006) User Datagram Protocol
rfc791 RFC0791 (STD0005) Internet Protocol
rfc792 RFC0792 (STD0005) Internet Control Message Protocol
rfc793 RFC0793 (STD0007) Transmission Control Protocol
rfc821 RFC0821 (STD0010) Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (Obsoleted by: RFC2821)
rfc822 RFC0822 (STD0011) STANDARD FOR THE FORMAT OF ARPA INTERNET TEXT MESSAGES (Obsoleted by: RFC2822)
rfc826 RFC0826 (STD0037) Ethernet Address Resolution Protocol: Or Converting Network Protocol Addresses to 48.bit Ethernet Address for Transmission on Ethernet Hardware
rfc854 RFC0854 (STD0008) Telnet Protocol Specification
rfc855 RFC0855 (STD0008) Telnet Option Specifications
rfc856 RFC0856 (STD0027) Telnet Binary Transmission
rfc857 RFC0857 (STD0028) Telnet Echo Option
rfc858 RFC0858 (STD0029) Telnet Suppress Go Ahead Option
rfc859 RFC0859 (STD0030) Telnet Status Option
rfc860 RFC0860 (STD0031) Telnet Timing Mark Option
rfc861 RFC0861 (STD0032) Telnet Extended Options: List Option
rfc862 RFC0862 (STD0020) Echo Protocol
rfc863 RFC0863 (STD0021) Discard Protocol
rfc864 RFC0864 (STD0022) Character Generator Protocol
rfc865 RFC0865 (STD0023) Quote of the Day Protocol
rfc866 RFC0866 (STD0024) Active users
rfc867 RFC0867 (STD0025) Daytime Protocol
rfc868 RFC0868 (STD0026) Time Protocol
rfc891 RFC0891 (STD0044) DCN Local-Network Protocols
rfc894 RFC0894 (STD0041) A Standard for the Transmission of IP Datagrams over Ethernet Networks
rfc895 RFC0895 (STD0042) Standard for the transmission of IP datagrams over experimental Ethernet networks
rfc903 RFC0903 (STD0038) A Reverse Address Resolution Protocol
rfc907 RFC0907 (STD0040) Host Access Protocol specification
rfc919 RFC0919 (STD0005) Broadcasting Internet Datagrams
rfc922 RFC0922 (STD0005) Broadcasting Internet datagrams in the presence of subnets
rfc950 RFC0950 (STD0005) Internet Standard Subnetting Procedure
rfc959 RFC0959 (STD0009) File Transfer Protocol
rfc1001 RFC1001 (STD0019) Protocol standard for a NetBIOS service on a TCP/UDP transport: Concepts and methods
rfc1002 RFC1002 (STD0019) Protocol standard for a NetBIOS service on a TCP/UDP transport: Detailed specifications
rfc1006 RFC1006 (STD0035) ISO Transport Service on top of the TCP Version: 3
rfc1034 RFC1034 (STD0013) Domain names - concepts and facilities
rfc1035 RFC1035 (STD0013) Domain names - implementation and specification
rfc1042 RFC1042 (STD0043) Standard for the transmission of IP datagrams over IEEE 802 networks
rfc1044 RFC1044 (STD0045) Internet Protocol on Network System's HYPERchannel: Protocol Specification
rfc1055 RFC1055 (STD0047) Nonstandard for transmission of IP datagrams over serial lines: SLIP
rfc1065 RFC1065 Structure and identification of management information for TCP/IP-based internets (Obsoleted by: RFC1155)
rfc1088 RFC1088 (STD0048) Standard for the transmission of IP datagrams over NetBIOS networks
rfc1112 RFC1112 (STD0005) Host extensions for IP multicasting
rfc1119 RFC1119 Network Time Protocol (version 2) specification and implementation (Obsoleted by: RFC1305)
rfc1122 RFC1122 (STD0003) Requirements for Internet Hosts - Communication Layers
rfc1123 RFC1123 (STD0003) Requirements for Internet Hosts - Application and Support
rfc1132 RFC1132 (STD0049) Standard for the transmission of 802.2 packets over IPX networks
rfc1155 RFC1155 (STD0016) Structure and identification of management information for TCP/IP-based internets
rfc1201 RFC1201 (STD0046) Transmitting IP traffic over ARCNET networks
rfc1209 RFC1209 (STD0052) The Transmission of IP Datagrams over the SMDS Service
rfc1212 RFC1212 (STD0016) Concise MIB definitions
rfc1213 RFC1213 (STD0017) Management Information Base for Network Management of TCP/IP-based internets: MIB-II
rfc1350 RFC1350 (STD0033) The TFTP Protocol (Revision 2)
rfc1390 RFC1390 (STD0036) Transmission of IP and ARP over FDDI Networks
rfc1661 RFC1661 (STD0051) The Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP)
rfc1662 RFC1662 (STD0051) PPP in HDLC-like Framing
rfc1722 RFC1722 (STD0057) RIP Version 2 Protocol Applicability Statement
rfc1723 RFC1723 RIP Version 2 - Carrying Additional Information (Obsoleted by: RFC2453)
rfc1725 RFC1725 Post Office Protocol - Version 3 (Obsoleted by: RFC1939)
rfc1869 RFC1869 (STD0010) SMTP Service Extensions (Obsoleted by: RFC2821)
rfc1870 RFC1870 (STD0010) SMTP Service Extension for Message Size Declaration
rfc1939 RFC1939 (STD0053) Post Office Protocol - Version 3
rfc2289 RFC2289 (STD0061) A One-Time Password System
rfc2328 RFC2328 (STD0054) OSPF Version 2
rfc2427 RFC2427 (STD0055) Multiprotocol Interconnect over Frame Relay
rfc2453 RFC2453 (STD0056) RIP Version 2
rfc2578 RFC2578 (STD0058) Structure of Management Information Version 2 (SMIv2)
rfc2579 RFC2579 (STD0058) Textual Conventions for SMIv2
rfc2580 RFC2580 (STD0058) Conformance Statements for SMIv2
rfc2819 RFC2819 (STD0059) Remote Network Monitoring Management Information Base
rfc2920 RFC2920 (STD0060) SMTP Service Extension for Command Pipelining
rfc3411 RFC3411 (STD0062) An Architecture for Describing Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) Management Frameworks
rfc3412 RFC3412 (STD0062) Message Processing and Dispatching for the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)
rfc3413 RFC3413 (STD0062) Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) Applications
rfc3414 RFC3414 (STD0062) User-based Security Model (USM) for version 3 of the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMPv3)
rfc3415 RFC3415 (STD0062) View-based Access Control Model (VACM) for the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)
rfc3416 RFC3416 (STD0062) Version 2 of the Protocol Operations for the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)
rfc3417 RFC3417 (STD0062) Transport Mappings for the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)
rfc3418 RFC3418 (STD0062) Management Information Base (MIB) for the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)
rfc3550 RFC3550 (STD0064) RTP: A Transport Protocol for Real-Time Applications
rfc3551 RFC3551 (STD0065) RTP Profile for Audio and Video Conferences with Minimal Control
rfc3629 RFC3629 (STD0063) UTF-8, a transformation format of ISO 10646
rfc3986 RFC3986 (STD0066) Uniform Resource Identifier (URI): Generic Syntax
rfc4506 RFC4506 (STD0067) XDR: External Data Representation Standard
rfc5011 RFC5011 (STD0074) Automated Updates of DNS Security (DNSSEC) Trust Anchors
rfc5234 RFC5234 (STD0068) Augmented BNF for Syntax Specifications: ABNF
rfc5343 RFC5343 (STD0078) Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) Context EngineID Discovery
rfc5590 RFC5590 (STD0078) Transport Subsystem for the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)
rfc5591 RFC5591 (STD0078) Transport Security Model for the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)
rfc5652 RFC5652 (STD0070) Cryptographic Message Syntax (CMS)
rfc5730 RFC5730 (STD0069) Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP)
rfc5731 RFC5731 (STD0069) Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP) Domain Name Mapping
rfc5732 RFC5732 (STD0069) Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP) Host Mapping
rfc5733 RFC5733 (STD0069) Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP) Contact Mapping
rfc5734 RFC5734 (STD0069) Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP) Transport over TCP
rfc6152 RFC6152 (STD0071) SMTP Service Extension for 8-bit MIME Transport
rfc6353 RFC6353 (STD0078) Transport Layer Security (TLS) Transport Model for the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)
rfc6376 RFC6376 (STD0076) DomainKeys Identified Mail (DKIM) Signatures
rfc6409 RFC6409 (STD0072) Message Submission for Mail
rfc6522 RFC6522 (STD0073) The Multipart/Report Media Type for the Reporting of Mail System Administrative Messages
rfc6891 RFC6891 (STD0075) Extension Mechanisms for DNS (EDNS(0))
rfc7011 RFC7011 (STD0077) Specification of the IP Flow Information Export (IPFIX) Protocol for the Exchange of Flow Information
rfc7296 RFC7296 (STD0079) Internet Key Exchange Protocol Version 2 (IKEv2)
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